As I’ve written about already, Millennials, recently dubbed the largest American population, are earning less and less of what their Baby Boomer parents did. Even with expensive college degrees, Millennials are still making less. What is worse, if you don’t have a bachelor’s degree, your earning potential is the same as it was in 1968. This is widening the gap between the have and the have nots in America. Over time, the growing inequality gap will become a very serious threat to America’s claim as the freest and best society in the world.
I think American corporations need to start hiring kids out of high school and take it upon themselves to provide those employees with education and career advancement opportunities. Given how expensive college is becoming and its increasing necessity, this would enable kids to earn a living, produce for a company and get an education. In an ideal world, companies can allocate surplus funds into the education of their lowest educated, hourly wage workers. Then, the now educated workers can return to their employer and execute more valuable work. This way the companies and individuals both win.
Right now, corporations see hourly workers as nothing more than a business expense–a line item that gets deducted from their bottom line. In reality, these workers are people. They have the ability to learn, grow and evolve. Just because they started in the mailroom or on an assembly line doesn’t mean they can’t become educated, develop new skills, and add significant financial gains as a result. I think companies can do a better job of taking advantage of these highly motivated but low-educated individuals.
Can I Borrow Some Money?
Millennials are doing the same amount of work as their generational predecessors, but are getting paid significantly less for it. In this article, CNBC reports:
“The generational wealth gap has reached ‘historic proportions’ as the average millennial wealth in 2016 (ages 23 to 38) was 41% less than those who were at a similar age in 1989…It’s also true among young families. Households headed by someone under 35 in 2016 had an average net worth of $10,900, which is $8,000 less than it was in 1995. Millennials held an average of $162,000 of assets compared to Gen X’s average of $198,000 at the same age, according to the St. Louis Federal Reserve.”
The Economic Policy Institute, in this article, also showed how much less the middle class is earning.
It comes as no surprise that Millennials are earning less than Baby Boomers and Gen X. That’s just some of the proof.
Education = Inequality
It turns out, educated Millennials such as myself, can’t actually complain. They are making less than the educated memebers of Generation X, but are doing very well when compared to their uneducated counterparts. Herein lies the real problem.
The gap between the educated high earning Americans and their uneducated patriots is growing ever wider and it’s becoming more and more expensive to get that education. It’s in this divide that you’ll find the real problem. As you can see, Pew research shows that the divide between high school graduate earnings and bachelor’s degree or higher earnings doubled. In 1968, the difference between high school and college meant you could earn $20,000 more a year or 18% more. In 2018, that gap doubled to 36%. You now can expect to improve your salary by $55,980. When the cost of college is as high as it is today, it’s making it prohibitively difficult for most Americans to earn high wages as high as their parents. Even worse, the gap between those who can afford to go to school and those who can’t has never been wider.
Work Harder, Your CEO Wants Another House
One main problem is that minimum wage earners are making less and less relative to their actual increased productivity. At the same time, CEOs have never been paid better. As you can see in the graph below until the early ’70s, hourly compensation basically went up alongside productivity. If you produced more, you were going to be compensated for such output. Then 1973 came along, and the hourly wage has barely gone up despite the productivity of hourly workers increasing 75% in that time period.
At the same time, CEO pay has been skyrocketing. As you can see in the graph below, the top 1% of earners are making more and more money. I’m not here to immediately jump to the conclusion that it is underserved. They are the 1%, after all. Maybe they are that talented and are making decisions that generate 138% more value than the rest of American work. I highly doubt it, though. Given inflation is also increasing at a rate higher than wages, something has to change. Otherwise, most of America won’t be able to afford to survive.
What Do We Do?
Most of the solutions I have been reading involved a minimum wage. I’m not sure that is the answer. Having a minimum wage mandate comes with trade-offs that often times hurts workers. In a recent article, The Hill gives some examples. They say:
“Minimum wage mandates aren’t free. They force employers to make difficult decisions and tradeoffs. When government forces wages up, non-wage pay goes down: Workers get less paid time off, shorter breaks, higher insurance premiums, and fewer perks. Some workers lose their jobs.”
I generally don’t think it’s a good idea for the government to mandate a minimum wage. The way I see it, a minimum wage sounds great to voters, but it doesn’t actually improve lives. The workers just end up paying for it in other ways. Whether their hours get slashed, they lose their benefits, or their job entirely, I don’t get the impression that it is the right solution. Feel free to challenge me in the comments if you disagree.
With that said, the government might be the only entity that could actually institute proper change. Amazon’s recent Alabama union fiasco is a good example of the potential need for government intervention and/or unions. Honestly, I’m not 100% sure what I think about unions and minimum wage yet. I will dedicate a future post to breaking down the pros and cons of a minimum wage and unions. Feel free to educate me as well! I enjoy audience suggestions/feedback.
Personally, I would like to see companies take it upon themselves to invest in their lowest wage employees. Right now, most companies just see them as a line item expense. In reality, they are humans who have the potential to learn and add more value to your business. If the executives provided opportunities for their lowest educated and earning workers to move up and earn their way to executive positions, it would go a long way to alleviate this pain. The only way this happens is if company leadership creates a culture that heavily invests in its people and gives them such opportunities. Right now, this is not happening. Forbes reports as much. They say:
The bottom line is this: lagging wages in the U.S. is not an economic issue, it’s really about management. The spirit is there, but the actions are not.
Just as Marc Benioff, CEO of Salesforce believes “inclusive capitalism” is his mission, and Jeff Bezos is funding a $2 billion fund to help homelessness, and many other CEOs are trying to take on social causes, they are reluctant to act with their paychecks. And this old way of thinking is holding the economy back.
Let me make another important point. In business school we are taught that labor is an expense to be managed. CFOs look at the cost of payroll (which is often 40 or 50% of revenue) as one of the biggest discretionary expenses on the income statement.
But in reality people aren’t an expense, they are an investment. As I like to point out in my talks, people are an appreciating asset: the more we invest in them, the more we see productivity, customer service, innovation, and growth. And in today’s labor market, raising wages lets employers attract the most ambitious people, something every company is striving for now.
I think we have to rethink our accounting practices too: consider labor an investment like machinery. But one that goes up in value, not down.
The Bottom Line
I’d really like to see companies put more money into educating their hourly workers. Human beings are incredible creatures. We can learn, adapt and transform into so much more than we currently are. Traditionally, companies, particularly those with massive labor forces, have not seen their hourly workers as human beings who have the potential to grow and produce value beyond their hourly wage. If America is going to fix its inequality problem, a good starting point would be for corporations to invest more in their employees, especially the low earning ones. Part of what makes America so great is its ability to find hard-working, humble people, and give them the opportunity to rise above their current station in life. There is no reason the executives at our current corporations can’t choose to pay themselves less and use the money to provide opportunities for their employees. I’m pretty confident it will only lead to outsized returns and improve shareholder value.
5 thoughts on “Should We Wage a War on Wages?”
” put more money into educating their hourly workers”
I would wager that Pedro has said dumb and genetically revealing things like “words are violence” in the past.
You would lose your wager
Note that in terms of wealth, homeownership is the largest contributor to net worth for Americans: http://www.mortgagenewsdaily.com/08282019_homeownership.asp
The biggest flaw in your argument, Pedro, is that you’re ignoring the biggest problem with wages: the government. You write:
“Right now, corporations see hourly workers as nothing more than a business expense–a line item that gets deducted from their bottom line. In reality, these workers are people. They have the ability to learn, grow and evolve. Just because they started in the mailroom or on an assembly line doesn’t mean they can’t become educated, develop new skills, and add significant financial gains as a result. I think companies can do a better job of taking advantage of these highly motivated but low-educated individuals.”
Thing is, workers ARE a business expense — usually the largest one. It does get deducted from the bottom line.
Nobody starts a business to help people learn, grow and evolve; he might start a school or a nonprofit or a charity to do that, but he starts a business to make money, period, to generate a profit. Workers are a cost whose value should be tied directly to the profits they produce.
What minimum wage laws do is to price many low-skill, low-education workers out of the market. Thomas Sowell is one of the most eloquent on this topic, and has been since the 70s.
The trouble with “investing in workers” is that you have to find workers who WANT to learn, grow and evolve. You’re right that someone who started in the mailroom could get educated, develop new skills, and add real value to a company… but he or she HAS TO WANT TO. Problem is that right now, today, that person might not have enough skills to add enough value to a company at the minimum wage; that’s why for the Elites, internships are so popular. It’s a way for them to get their foot in the door and learn and grow because they sure as hell ain’t adding enough value to justify the cost.
Investing in a machine is risky, but at least you don’t wonder if the machine is going to want to churn out widgets or not. With people, the first issue is desire and ambition… and there’s really no way to know that in advance. That’s not investment; that’s gambling.
If we as a society removed minimum wage laws, removed much of the government-erected barriers to hiring, we’d see employment go through the roof. I’m a business owner, as you so well know; I’d give some young low-skill, low-education person a shot at learning management consulting, finance, or learning to be a writer… but not at the minimum wage. If I could pay her $3/hr to start, sure, I’d do that. If she starts to add value, I’d raise her wages… because if I didn’t, she’d find another job somewhere else, because she now has skills and value.
It’s too easy to blame greedy CEOs and greedy companies… but all CEOs and companies are greedy, because all human beings are self-interested. Put the blame where it truly belongs: the government, which screws things up with all the good intentions in the world.
Milton Friedman, Walter Williams, and Thomas Sowell should be your starting point for exploration. 🙂
I recommend Free to Choose and Basic Economics.
The real estate industry needs to also take a *hard* look at their own unethical/unlawful practices when it comes to suppressing pay. I personally settled my own tortious interference and wage act suit (that’s all I can elaborate on; being a W-2 has it’s benefits like wage theft penalties). So I feel pretty passionate about fighting non-competes in the real estate industry meant to lock workers down. I traveled to DC to attend a workshop held by the FTC on non-competes (hello antitrust!). Here is the link to this past event: https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/non-competes-workplace-examining-antitrust-consumer-protection-issues
I learned a ton and was able to connect to real experts (not so-called Real Estate “experts” who think they know it all on labor issues and franchising).
I’ve also read *many* lawsuits involving real estate agents and managers in the real estate industry including one in CT which seemed nuts to me. The lawsuit states this Coldwell Banker manager could not recruit other NRT agents. The suit settled (fairly quickly I might add). If the allegations were/are true, I think some might call that a form of a “no poach” agreement or no-hire agreement? I’m not a lawyer but I know the FTC is coming down on no poach agreements especially in franchises. Why? Because no-poach agreements suppress pay. I’ve also read lawsuits with 3-4 year non-competes from real estate companies I am very familiar with (all in public court docs). There are currently 45 pending non-compete bills in 21 states as I write this. The real estate industry is highly competitive and the clauses in 1099 contracts are very unilateral (at many firms). If the clause quacks like a non-compete it’s a non-compete. Who do these real estate owners think they are locking down 1099s for 3-4 years? I know not all firms practice like this. Non-competes are not meant to stifle ordinary competition (one bad acting firm can impact other firms competing for same talent pool). Real Estate firms can compete but their employees and agents can’t? That’s non-sense. Is this a free & open market? Yet many companies continue to use clauses to try to lock down their agents with terms like “loyalty agreements”. I understand clawbacks too. And I understand the biggest real estate leader “complainers” are also the ones recruiting the dirtiest. Many times it’s not about enforceability of these clauses either. Agents sign because they think “this clause is so broad it would never be enforceable”. But guess how long a lawsuit takes to prove it’s not enforceable in the US court systems? Add in Covid, and courts are even more backed up. How long does it take a competing firm to prove a bogus tortious interference suit? Are agents prepared to be sidelined for a year waiting for the red tape for the courts? Are competing firms prepared to fight a lawsuit for recruiting an agent wanting better pay? Are agents the collateral damage of non-competes in the ultra competitive real estate industry? Some firms want to bully agents into staying right where they are. My opinion: many firms, broker owners, and managers need a *huge* reality check on independent contractor laws. Can’t have it both ways. Firms need to either pay into the system or let 1099s be “independent”. Especially in states which follow the ABC test like NJ, CT, MA, ect. Katie Johnson at NAR is fully aware of the nonsense that happens in the RE industry too.
Are “splits” considered trade secrets? Or are splits just kept secret to show a trend of inequality between, for example, a women of color vs. a white male agent at the old traditional brokerage firms? As the labor movement progresses due to the growing trend of abuse of corporate power & inequalities in pay, the real estate industry seems to be stuck a pattern of “we can do whatever we want to do” with Katie Johnson turning a blind eye. Katie (along with old traditional firms) need a reality check of the new laws in certain states protecting 1099s against discrimination.
Do we have any update on Kennedy v. Weichert in NJ? The industry is it’s own worst enemy. Firms are getting more controlling and *greedy*. Many firms would rather dupe agents then be transparent on the franchise math when deducting “fees” from agents commissions. In MA & NJ, a violation of the wage act is treble damages. I’ll keep talking to people outside of this industry while RE industry leaders keep denying, deflecting, and burying their head in the sand (some Realtor “leaders” have personally attacked me for speaking out against NAR). PS. I warned Katie Johnson about antitrust issues before Moehrl lawsuit in 2018–and I have the email to prove it. I’d happily handover emails if I was subpoenaed and my library of real estate lawsuits I’ve saved. All agents should be asking Katie Johnson about NAR literature on the FTC business opportunity rule. NAR seems to comment on only certain legal issues. Is Kennedy v. Weichert on NAR’s legal scorecard? After all, misclassification is all about “wages”.
Source on non-compete and suppression of wages:
Ubiquitous, harmful to wages and to competition, and part of a growing trend of employers requiring workers to sign away their rights”
“The FTC’s Business Opportunity Rule: Does It Apply To Realtors?”
Full transcript from FTC workshop on non-competes: https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/public_events/1556256/non-compete-workshop-transcript-full.pdf
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